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How to Prevent Falls

Keep Your Loved Ones Safe

fallThe older a person gets, the higher the risk they have of falling; each year, one in every three adults who is 65 or older falls. Sometimes these falls are cause by simply slipping or losing your balance (like any regular fall), but sometimes they’re caused by other factors, such as:

Lack of Physical Activity

When an elderly individual doesn’t exercise, they lose strength in their muscles and bones, which can cause them to fall during ordinary activities. To prevent falls, our South Carolina Home Health Care recommends making sure your loved one gets regular exercise, such as walking or swimming, to keep their body strong and alert.

Osteoporosis or Arthritis

Osteoporosis causes bones to become more porous and, as a result, more prone to fractures and breaks. Arthritis inflames the musculoskeletal system (specifically the joints) and weakens the area. Because bones are weakened, an elderly individual is at a higher risk of falling. To prevent falls from osteoporosis or arthritis, make sure your loved one gets a sufficient amount of calcium every day through foods and drinks to help keep bones strong. Also, pair their calcium intake with Vitamin D, as Vitamin D helps with the absorption of calcium.

Medications

Medications like anti-depressants, sedatives, anti-anxiety, and other common medications taken by elderly individuals have side effects like dizziness, nausea, fatigue, mental alertness reduction, blood pressure fluctuations, and more. These side effects can  affect a person’s balance and cause them to fall. To avoid falls caused my medication, make sure you read the side effects carefully. You can also talk to your loved one’s doctor about taking the lowest possible dosage of medication.

Vision Problems

As we get older, our eyesight tends to get worse and can cause problems. Make sure your loved one is frequently checked for poor vision, cataracts, and glaucoma. These vision problems can impair depth perception and peripheral vision, which can lead to falls. In the home, you can mark balance aids (such as walkers or hand rails) with bright colors to help you loved one see.

Alzheimer’s or Dementia

Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia can affect an individual’s memory, judgement, and other cognitive functions, making it difficult for those with the disease to stay alert and aware. To prevent loved ones from falling, invest in a walking cane or walker and handrails for stairs. Also, evaluate their home and look for things that may cause them to fall.

Poor Diet or Habits

Something as simple as not eating right or frequently consuming alcohol can be the cause of a fall. Make sure your loved one gets the right amount of nutrients every day and refrains from bad habits like drinking and smoking.

At New Generations, we offer South Carolina Home Health Care services that can give your loved one the extra hand that they may need. Our friendly and caring staff members can help them with daily activities and take preventative measures against falling.